Pemaknaan Obat Antiretroviral bagi Sekelompok Orang dengan HIV–AIDS di Kota Bandung, Cimahi, Denpasar dan Kabupaten Badung (The Meaning of Antiretroviral for People Living with HIV–AIDS in Bandung, Cimahi, Denpasar, and Badung Districts)

Rini Sasanti Handayani, Yuyun Yuniar, Ully Adhie Mulyani

Pemaknaan Obat Antiretroviral bagi Sekelompok Orang dengan HIV–AIDS di Kota Bandung, Cimahi, Denpasar dan Kabupaten Badung (The Meaning of Antiretroviral for People Living with HIV–AIDS in Bandung, Cimahi, Denpasar, and Badung Districts)

Abstract


Background: Antiretroviral (ARV) is the drug to reduce varemia and enhances CD4+ level. ARV cannot cure HIVAIDS
but it increases the life expectancy of people living with HIV-AIDS (PLHA). ARV is a lifetime treatment that needs a
high adherence. The meaning of ARV which vulnerable to low adherence is related to stigma and discrimination. It is also
related to the changing of life pattern in which taking ARV is considered as a burden. This research suggests the need
to include the meaning of ARV for a successful therapy. Because using ARV for a long time can make PLHAs feel boring
and sometimes they drop out the treatment. Method: The research was conducted in Bandung, Cimahi, Denpasar and
Badung districts in 2011. The subjects were 17 PLHAs consist of 9 females and 8 males, aged 20-42 years. Data were
collected by doing in depth interview which then analyzed with content analysis method. Results: The meanings of ARV
which give positive impact on adherence including the function of ARV that not merely as medical stuff but also have the
function related to psychological or spiritual meaning (miracle); the changing on life pattern (consider as a habit); and the
hope for life (the second chance) Recommendations: The study recommends to include the meaning of ARV related to the function on spiritual/psychological matter, the changing on life pattern and the hope for life other than just give councelling
on medical function of ARVs and handling side effects.

Keywords


ARV, antiretroviral, PLHA

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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health System Research, ISSN 1410-2935. e-ISSN 2354-8738) published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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