DETERMINAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA DI PROVINSI NANGGRO ACEH DARUSSALAM, JAWA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, GORONTALO DAN PAPUA

Ratih Ariningrum, Siti Sundari, Woro Riyadina

DETERMINAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA DI PROVINSI NANGGRO ACEH DARUSSALAM, JAWA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, GORONTALO DAN PAPUA

Abstract


Background: Diarrhoeal diseases become the second caused of death of the under-fives, the third in infant, and the fifth at all people in Indonesia. WHO indicated that every year an average of 100.000 children in Indonesia dead because of diarrhoea and Sub directorate of Diarrhoea, MOH indicated that about 301-347 per 1000 people still infected by diarrhoea from year 2000 up to 2003. Methods: This study analyzed the Basic Health Research data collected in 2007 to determine the prevalence, characteristic determinants including its Odd Ratio (behavioral, environmental sanitation, household characteristic, and specific condition of child), of the 20245 under-fives children in 6 provinces having diarrhoea prevalence above the 2007 national diarrhea prevalence rates (16.7%). (NAD: 27%, Gorontalo: 24%, NTB: 23%, NTT: 22%, Papua: 21%, and West Java: 18%). Results: The result showed that the highest prevalence of diarrhoea rates was found at the family with having lower level of percapita expenditure (kuintil 1 and 2); in mother who worked as a farmer/fisherwoman/labour and did not used latrine as well as lack of control for contamination of water available at home. The specific conditions of the under-fives that related to the increase prevalence of diarrhea are the existence of typhoid and measles, frequency of OPT immunization and over weight condition. The Odds of having diarrehea occurred in the under-fives having measles 1 month earlier (OR. 2.61) followed by the lack of control of the quality of the water condition available at home (OR 2.19), open water tank (OR 1.40), Defecate not in WC (OR1.36), Not receiving meales immunization (OR 1.37) and OPT immunization less than 3 times (OR 1. 19). It is concluded that to prevent diarrhea, it is important for children to have full coverage of immunization, to improve health behavior of mothers and children especially to wash hand before eating or preparing meals, and to improve housing condition and sanitation. For the next Basic Health Research data collection, it is recommended to improve quality of questions in order to get more specific information related to the child's habits and practices to prevent diarrhoea.

 

Key words: diarrhea, determinants, behaviour, under-fives, basic health research


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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health System Research, ISSN 1410-2935. e-ISSN 2354-8738) published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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