POPULASI TIKUS DAN PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT TENTANG TIKUS DAN PENYAKIT YANG DITULARKANNYA DI KECAMATAN BERBAH, KABUPATEN SLEMAN

Nova Pramestuti, Bina Ikawati, Novia Tri Astuti

POPULASI TIKUS DAN PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT TENTANG TIKUS DAN PENYAKIT YANG DITULARKANNYA DI KECAMATAN BERBAH, KABUPATEN SLEMAN

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease transmitted by Leptospira bacteria by rats as the main reservoir. Cases of leptospirosis
occurred in several districts in Sleman. One of them is Berbah Sub-district with one case of leptospirosis in 2011. The
purpose of this study to identify the biotic and abiotic environmental conditions, species of rodents captured in the study
site, trap success, and Leptospira bacteria in the blood serum and kidney of rats. The study was conducted in the Jogotirto
Village, Berbah Sub-district, Sleman District. As many as 150 traps had been used in 2 trapped indoor and 2 trapped
outdoor during 3 days. Measurements, observations environmental conditions and interviews about rats and rats disease
transmission around leptospirosis cases. Rats had been trapped identified, blood and kidneys was taken to be examined in
the presence of Leptospira bacteria by using PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction). Data were analyzed descriptively in
tables and graphs. Biotic and abiotic environmental conditions favor transmission of leptospirosis. Rats spesies had been
found were Rattus tanezumi, Suncus murinus, and R. tiomanicus with trap succes indoor as much 10.5% and outdoor as
much 5.2%. People had less knowledge about rats and rats disease transmission.
Keywords: rats, knowledge, Sleman


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