Determinan Kejadian Malaria di Wilayah Sulawesi

Junus Widjaja, Phetysia Pamela Frederika Sumolang, Made Agus Nurjana

Abstract


Abstract. Indonesia is one of the countries in the world with high risk of malaria. Out of 496 districts in Indonesia, 396 districts is a malaria endemic area. 45% of the populations live in malaria endemic areas, such as the region of Sulawesi. This study aimed to determine the determinant for incidence of malaria in Sulawesi. Riskesdas data that have been implemented by the Agency for Health Research and Development in 2013 used in further analysis. The variables analyzed are characteristics, housing conditions, and the environment associated with the incidence of malaria. Data were analyzed by logistic regression. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between malaria by gender, education, occupation, home status, number of household members, window of the bedroom, the cleanliness of the dining room, ventilation of the living room, the type of floor in the house, house walls, ceilings, lighting source and taking preventive medication. The variables that most influence on the incidence of malaria in the region of Sulawesi is a type of home lighting. Integrated planning activities with relevant sectors, education about healthy homes and the restoration of housing through increased participation of the people needs to be done.

Keywords: malaria, risk factors, sulawesi

Abstrak.Salah satu negara yang paling berisiko terhadap malaria adalah Indonesia. Diketahui dari 496 kabupaten di Indonesia 396 kabupaten merupakan daerah endemis malaria atau 45% penduduknya tinggal didaerah endemis malaria, salah satunya adalah  wilayah Sulawesi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan kejadian malaria di wilayah Sulawesi. Data Riskesdas yang telah dilaksanakan oleh Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan pada tahun 2013 digunakan dalam analisis lanjut. Variabel yang dianalisis yaitu karakteristik, kondisi pemukiman, dan lingkungan kaitannya dengan kejadian malaria. Data dianalisis dengan logistic regression. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang bermakna antara  malaria dengan jenis kelamin, pendidikan, pekerjaan, status rumah, jumlah anggota rumah tangga, jendela ruang tidur, kebersihan ruang makan, ventilasi ruang keluarga, jenis lantai rumah, dinding rumah, plafon, sumber penerangan dan minum obat pencegahan. Variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kejadian malaria di wilayah sulawesi yaitu jenis penerangan rumah. Kegiatan perencanaan terpadu dengan sektorterkait, penyuluhan tentang rumah sehat dan pemugaran perumahan yang kurang layak melalui peningkatanpartisipasi dari masyarakat sendiri perlu dilakukan.

Kata Kunci: malaria, faktor risiko, sulawesi


Keywords


malaria, faktor risiko, sulawesi

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Jurnal Aspirator (Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, p-ISSN: 2085-4102 e-ISSN: 2338-7343) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia.

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