POTENSI DAUN PANDAN (PANDANUS AMARYLLIFOLIUS) DAN MANGKOKAN (NOTOPHANAX SCUTELLARIUM) SEBAGAI REPELEN NYAMUK AEDES ALBOPICTUS

Rina Marina, Endang Puji Astuti

POTENSI DAUN PANDAN (PANDANUS AMARYLLIFOLIUS) DAN MANGKOKAN (NOTOPHANAX SCUTELLARIUM) SEBAGAI REPELEN NYAMUK AEDES ALBOPICTUS

Abstract


Abstract. Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes being the vector of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Various efJort have been done to control the mosquitoes, including using plant extract as repellent. Pandanus amaryllifolius and Notophanax scutellarium leaf were known to posses repellent activity for mosquito species. The study aimed to examine efJectiveness ofP. amaryllifolius and N. scutellarium leaf as repellent for Ae. albopictus. The result study on i-hr treatment showed that power protection of pandan leaves (N. scutellarium) was 93.55%, while mangkokan leaves (p. amaryllifolius) was 87.5%. Based on ANOVA analysis, there was not significantly dijJerent of power protection between N. scutellarium leafs and P. amaryllifolius leafs extracts against Ae. albopictus mosquitoes. Both of these test, plants has showed the potential to be a repellent and eliminate the emergence of Ae. albopictus mosquitoes, so it may efJectively reduce contact between host and dengue vector.

Keywords: P. amaryllifolius, N. scutellarium, repellent, Ae. albopictus, dengue

Abstrak. Nyamuk Aedes aegypti dan Ae. albopictus merupakan vektor dari Demam Berdarah Dengue. Pengendalian nyamuk vektor untuk memutus rantai penularan di antaranya menggunakan repelen tanaman. Daun pandan (Pandanus amaryllifolius) dan mangkokan (Notophanax scutellarium) adalah tanaman lokal yang mempunyai potensi sebagai repelensi nyamuk. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengetahui tentang efektivitas daun F amaryllifolius dan N scutellarium sebagai bahan repelen nyamuk Ae. albopictus. Daya proteksi daun pandan (N scutellarium) pada jam satu jam pertama perlakuan adalah 93,55%, sedangkan daun mangkokan (F amaryllifolius) sebesar 87,5%. Hasil analisis ANOVA menunjukan bahwa daya proteksi ekstrak daun pandan dan mangkokan terhadap nyamuk Ae.albopictus berdasarkan jam perlakuan tidak berbeda nyata. Kedua tanaman uji tersebut mempunyai potensi sebagai repelen atau dapat menghalau kedatangan nyamuk Ae. albopictus, sehingga mampu menurunkan kontak inang dengan vektor DBD.

Kata Kunci: F amaryllifolius, N scutellarium, repelen, Ae. albopictus, dengue

Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Aspirator (Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, p-ISSN: 2085-4102 e-ISSN: 2338-7343) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia.

Main Indexing :

More...

View Aspirator Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.