KEMATIAN ANAK DAN UMUR HARAPAN HIDUP DI NAGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

S. Soemantri, Tin Afifah

KEMATIAN ANAK DAN UMUR HARAPAN HIDUP DI NAGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

Abstract


Surkesda NAD 2006 collected birth history data reported by ever married women of the householdsamples. Birth history data were used to estimate childhood mortality for Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam(NAD). Both direct and indirect estimation of childhood mortality were applied. Indirect estimationused Coale Demeny West model (Trussel equations) and UN general model (Palloni-Heligmanequations). Both direct and indirect estimation of childhood mortality surprisingly gave similarestimates of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). Child Mortality Rate (CMR) or Under-five Mortality Rate(U5MR) for the period about five years before survey. Estimates of IMR. CMR and U5MR wererespectively 48 per 1000, 15 per WOO and 62 per 1000. The estimate of IMR of 48 per 1000 is muchhigher than estimate for NAD based on BPS Population Projection, i.e. 39-40 per 1000 for 2000-2005. Life expectancy at birth for NAD derived from Coale Demeny West model for IMR 48 per 1000 ormortality level of about 20. was 65.5 years. This figure is lower than BPS projection of life expectancyat birth for NAD which was 67.2 years. Direct estimation approach indicated the rise of childhoodmortality recently, which may be due to the impact of earth quake/tsunami that hit NAD in 2004. Therise of childhood mortality could not be recognized by indirect estimation approach. The rise ofmortality recently may be true since disaster of earth quake/tsunami had hampered the availability ofhealth personnel (doctors and midwives) and household environment (accessibility to safe water or safetoilet). There is an indication of the negative relationship between availability of doctors and midwives,or accessibility of safe water and safe toilet with childhood survivorship in NAD.

 

Keyword: IMR, CMR, U5MR, life expectency


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p-ISSN: 0853-9987
e-ISSN: 2338-3445
Published by: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
Jalan Percetakan Negara No.29
Jakarta Pusat 10560
Indonesia



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