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  • PENINGKATAN PERANSERTA MASYARAKAT DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMBERANTASAN SARANG NYAMUK DBD (PSN-DBD) DI DUA KELURAHAN DI KOTA PALU, SULAWESI TENGAH

    Sitti Chadijah, Rosmini -, Halimuddin -

    Abstract


    Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is still one of the most important public health problem in Indonesia. Disease control efforts have been widely carried out, such as larvaciding, fogging focus, and mosquito breeding control. The efforts will be performing well if its involves community participation. The objectives of this study was to enhance community participation in the implementation of the mosquito control program of Dengue Hemorrhagic fever in Palupi and Singgani villages, Palu. The research design is a quasi experimental to analyze the difference between two approach, i.e. larvae surveyors (in Indonesia called as Jumantik) empowerment and the participation of the community leadres (in Indonesia called Ketua RT). Mosquito larvae survey was conducted with a single larval method. The population in this tsudy is all house in the two villages. Sample are consist of 100 houses in each village which were randomly selected. The result showed that during the first larvae survey in Palupi village, the larva-free rate (ABJ) was 68% with the result of CI, HI and BI were 20.81%, 32% and 46 respectively. In the village of Siranindi, the number of larva-free rate was 78%, with CI 19.64%, HI 22% and BI 33. At the seven weeks after the intervention with community participation  suggests that the larva-free rate in Palupi village was became 89%, with the number of CI 3.67%, HI 11% and BI 1%. While in Siranindi village, the larva-free rate was 85% with the CI, HI and BI were 8.4%, 15% and 21% respectively. According to that result, the most effective of community participation on DHF vector control is larva monitors (jumantik) empowerment.

    Abstrak
    Demam berdarah dengue (DBD) masih merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan yang paling penting masyarakat di Indonesia. Upaya pengendalian penyakit telah banyak dilakukan, seperti larvaciding, fokus fogging, dan pengendalian nyamuk berkembang biak. Upaya ini akan lebih baik jika  melibatkan partisipasi masyarakat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat dalam pelaksanaan program pengendalian nyamuk demam berdarah Dengue di Palupi dan desa-desa Singgani, Palu. Desain penelitian adalah kuasi eksperimental untuk menganalisis perbedaan antara dua pendekatan, yaitu surveyor larva (di Indonesia disebut sebagai Jumantik) pemberdayaan dan partisipasi masyarakat leadres (di Indonesia disebut Ketua RT). Larva nyamuk survei dilakukan dengan metode larva tunggal. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua rumah di dua desa. Sampel terdiri dari 100 rumah di setiap desa yang dipilih secara acak. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa selama survei larva pertama di desa Palupi, larva yang bebas nilai (ABJ) adalah 68% dengan hasil CI, HI dan BI 20,81%, 32% dan 46 masing-masing. Di desa Siranindi, jumlah larva yang bebas nilai adalah 78%, 19,64% dengan CI, HI 22% dan BI 33. Pada tujuh minggu setelah intervensi dengan partisipasi masyarakat menunjukkan bahwa tingkat larva-bebas dalam Palupi desa menjadi 89%, dengan jumlah 3,67% CI, HI dan BI 11% 1%. Sementara di Siranindi desa, tingkat larva-bebas adalah 85% dengan CI, HI dan BI 8,4%, 15% dan 21% masing-masing. Menurut hasil itu, yang paling efektif partisipasi pemberdayaab masyarakat dalam pengendalian vektor DBD adalah larva surveyor (jumantik).


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    Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (Media of Health Research & Development, ISSN 0853-9987EISSN 2338-3445) published by National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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