Serologic observation and risk fact of yaws in Hamadi Public Health Center, Jayapura

Yuli Arisanti Sitanggang

Abstract


Latar belakang: Penyakit frambusia masih menjadi masalah yang belum terselesaikan di Kota Jayapura, masih terdapat daerah kantong frambusia di Kota Jayapura. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data status secara serologi dan mengetahui data faktor risiko frambusia. Metode: digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pemeriksaan laboratorium standar yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa uji Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA). Metode penelitian berupa deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional.

Hasil: Penelitian ini mendapatkan faktor risiko frambusia seperti riwayat pernah mengalami frambusia memiliki potensi dua kali lebih besar untuk relaps serta perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat yang kurang dengan uraian : mandi jarang/tanpa menggunakan sabun berpotensi dua kali lebih besar menjadi frambusia, kebiasaan pakai handuk bergantian tiga kali lebih besar potensinya, kebiasaan jarang/tidak pakai sandal dua kali lebih besar potensinya.

Kesimpulan: Mendapatkan data jumlah TPHA yang positif baik kasus dan kontak sejumlah 111 sampel. Penelitian ini mendapatkan data faktor risiko yang mempengaruhi kejadian frambusia di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Hamadi di Kota Jayapura seperti :

-          riwayat pernah mengalami frambusia juga memiliki potensi empat kali lebih besar untuk relaps

-          perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat yang kurang dengan uraian : Mandi jarang/tanpa menggunakan sabun berpotensi dua kali lebih besar menjadi frambusia, kebiasaan pakai handuk bergantian tiga kali lebih besar potensinya, kebiasaan jarang/tidak pakai sandal dua kali lebih besar potensinya.

 

Abstract

Background: Yaws still become unfinished problem in Jayapura City, there is still have enclave yaw’s disease in Jayapura. This study aimed to obtain data by serological prevalence and determine the risk factor data for yaws. The Treponema pallidum haemagglutination test (TPHA) was laboratory standard method which used in this study.

Methods: The research was a descriptive research which conducted through a cross sectional design.

Results: This research found that risk factors of yaws such history for being inexperienced to yaws also had potency up to two times greater for yaws to get relapsed, as well as with inadequate personal hygiene for the incidence of yaws, with description: bathing without using soap potentially three times greater potency to be susceptible to yaws, collective towels usage led to three times higher potency, habit; rarely/not wearing sandals led to two times higher potency to get infected by yaws.

Conclusion: Obtaining data on the number of positive TPHA both cases and contact number of 111 samples. This research obtained the data of risk factors that affected the incidence of yaws in Puskesmas Hamadi, Jayapura such as:- History of being experienced yaws also had the potential to four times more likely to get relapsed

- Less Clean and healthy life behavior that was with description: Bath rarely / without using soap could potentially be twice over to become yaws, custom-made towels alternately had three times greater in potency, the habit for being rarely / not wear sandal was two times greater potency


Keywords


TPHA, yaws, risk fact,personal hygiene

References


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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

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