The use of traditional health care among Indonesian Family

Nurhayati Nurhayati, Lucie Widowati

Abstract


Latar belakang: Penggunaan obat tradisional, pengobatan komplementer dan alternatif meningkat selama beberapa tahun terakhir. Alasan utama meningkatnya penggunaan obat tradisional adalah pasien mengambil pendekatan yang lebih proaktif untuk kesehatan mereka dan mencari berbagai bentuk perawatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional pada rumah tangga di Indonesia

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan data rumah tangga dari data Riskesdas tahun 2013. Jumlah data yang dianalisis sebesar 294.959 subjek.  Analisis data menggunakan analisis kompleks sampel dengan regresi logistik untuk memperoleh faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional pada rumah tangga di Indonesia

Hasil: Sebanyak 294.959 subjek pada penelitian ini. Proporsi subjek yang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional adalah 30,4% (89.752/294.959). Faktor risiko dominan yang berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional adalah wilayah tempat tinggal, tingkat pendidikan, status pekerjaan, status ekonomi, dan ketersediaan pelayanan kesehatan. Dibandingkan dengan rumah tangga yang tinggal di pedesaan, rumahtangga yang berada di perkotaan berpeluang 1,09 kali memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradsional [rasio odds suaian (ORa)= 1,09; 95% CI= 1,04 to 1,14]. Rumah tangga yang tingkat pendidikannya rendah berpeluang 1,10 kali memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional (ORa=1,10; 95% CI=1,03 to 1,18). Rumah tangga dengan pekerjaan swasta berpeluang 1,33 kali memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradsional (ORa=1,33; 95% CI=1,25 to 1,41). Rumah tangga yang memiliki tingkat ekonomi tinggi berpeluang 1,31 kali memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional (ORa=1,31; 95% CI=1,23 to 1,41). Rumah tangga yang mengetahui ketersediaan pelayanan kesehatan berpeluang 1,44 kali memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional (ORa=1,44; 95% CI=1,29 to 1,60).

Kesimpulan: Rumah tangga yang tinggal di perkotaan, memiliki tingkat pendidikan rendah, pekerja swasta, memiliki status ekonomi yang tinggi, mengetahui ketersediaan pelayanan kesehatan, lebih berpeluang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan tradisional

Kata kunci: pelayanan kesehatan tradisional, rumah tangga, Indonesia

 

Background: The use of traditional medicine and complementary and alternative medicine has increased significantly over the past few years. The main reasons for the increasing use of traditional medicine is a growing trend for patients to take a more proactive approach to their own health and to seek out different forms of self-care. This study aimed to investigate the dominant risk factors that related to use of traditional health care among Indonesian family

Methods: The study used households data from 2013 National Health Survey Indonesia. Using logistic regression, we then could present dominant risk factors that related to use of traditional health care among Indonesian family

Results: Total subjects had been analyzed were 294,959 subjects. The subjectsof this study were heads or members of households. The proportion of those who used of traditional health care were 30,4% (78,775/294,959). Dominant risk factors related to used of traditional health care were types area, levels of education, employment status, levels of economic, and knowing about the availability of health care. Compared with those who were in rural, those who were in urban had 1.09 more likely to used of traditional health care [odds ratio adjusted (ORa)=1.09; 95% CI= 1.04 to 1.14]. Households who had low education level had 1.10 more likely to used of traditional health care (ORa=1.10; 95% CI=1.03 to 1.18). Households who were private employees had 1.33 more likely to used of traditional health care (ORa=1.33; 95% CI=1.25 to 1.41). Households who had high economic level had 1.31 more likely to used of traditional health care (ORa=1,31; 95% CI=1,23 to 1,41). Furthermore, households who knowing about the availability of health care had 1.44 more likely to used of traditional health care (ORa=1,44; 95% CI=1,29 to 1,60).

Conclusion: Households subjects who were in urban area, private employees, had low level of education and high economic, knowing the availability of health services were more likely to used of traditional health care

Keywords: traditional health care, households Indonesia

 

 


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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

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