Flight Hours in 7 Consecutive Days and Physical Exercise among the Civil Pilot in Indonesia

Harry Wicaksana

Abstract


Abstrak

Latar belakang

Tidak tersedianya waktu merupakan salah satu hambatan melakukan latihan fisik yang sering dilaporkan di negara berkembang. Berdasarkan Peraturan Keselamatan Penerbangan Sipil bagian 121, jam terbang maksimal pilot sipil komersial dalam 7 hari terakhir adalah 30 jam. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penelitian mengenai hubungan jam terbang 7 hari terakhir terhadap kebiasaan latihan fisik pada pilot sipil di Indonesia.

Metode

Penelitian potong lintang terhadap 600 orang pilot sipil yang melakukan pengujian kesehatan personil penerbangan di Balai Kesehatan Penerbangan pada bulan April 2016 dan memenuhi kriteria inklusi/ekslusi.  Data yang dikumpulkan yaitu karakteristik demografi, pekerjaan, kebiasaan olahraga, tinggi dan berat badan. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan pemeriksaan fisik. Pilot dikategorikan memiliki kebiasaan latihan fisik sesuai rekomendasi ACSM apabila melakukan latihan fisik dengan intensitas sedang selama 150 menit per minggu atau latihan fisik dengan intensitas berat selama 75 menit per minggu.

Hasil

Jam terbang 7 hari terakhir merupakan faktor dominan terhadap kebiasaan latihan fisik. Jika dibandingkan dengan pilot dengan jam terbang 7 hari terakhir < 3,5 jam, maka pilot dengan jam terbang 7 hari terakhir 3,5-14 jam berisiko 24% lebih rendah memiliki kebiasaan latihan fisik sesuai [RRa= 0,76; p=0,032].

Simpulan

Faktor risiko yang berpengaruh terhadap kebiasaan latihan fisik adalah jam terbang 7 hari terakhir.

Kata kunci:

Jam terbang 7 hari terakhir, kebiasaan latihan fisik, pilot sipil Indonesia

 

Background

The most frequently reported barrier of doing physical exercise in developed countries is lack of time. Based on the Civil Aviation Safety Regulation part 121, the maximum working hour for commercial pilot in 7 consecutive days is 30 hours. The study objective is to identify the relation between flight hours in 7 consecutive days and the physical exercise habit among the civil pilots in Indonesia.

Method

A cross sectional study towards 600 civil pilots, who did their medical examination at the Aviation Medical Center, Jakarta and met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The collected data were demographic and job characteristics, physical exercise habits, body weight, heights. The data was obtained through interview and physical examinations. Pilot was categorized as having an appropriate physical exercise habit if he/she spent 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise per week or 75 minutes of vigorous intensity exercise per week.

Results

Flight hour in 7 consecutive days was a dominant factor to the physical exercise habit. Compared to the pilot who had flight hours in 7 consecutive days less than 3.5 hours, pilot who had flight hours in 7 consecutive days 3.5-14 were having less 24% risk of appropriate physical exercise [RRa= 0,76; p=0,032].

Conclusion

Risk factor to the physical exercise habit among the civil pilot is flight hour in 7 consecutive days.

Key words:

Flight hours in 7 consecutive days, physical exercise, civil pilot in Indonesia.


References


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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

p-ISSN: 2087-7021
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