Child morbidity, level of parent’s education, and accessibility to health facilities as factors affecting Posyanduutilization

Ummi Kalsum

Child morbidity, level of parent’s education, and accessibility to health facilities as factors affecting Posyanduutilization

Abstract


Abstrak

Latar belakang: Pemanfaatan  Posyanduoleh ibu  yang mempunyai balita menurun. Studi ini mengidentifikasi beberapa faktor terkait pemanfaatan Posyanduoleh ibu para balita. Metode: Data berasal dari sebagian data studi potong lintang Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2007. Populasi adalah semua wanita berumur 15-49 tahun yang mempunyai balita di Provinsi Jambi. Pemanfaatan Posyanduberdasarkan wawancara kepada ibu tentang pemanfaatan Posyanduoleh ibu selama 3 bulan terakhir sebelum survei. Hasil: Lebih banyak subjek yang menggunakan (62,9%) daripada tidak menggunakan (37.1%) Posyandu. Pendidikan ayah dan ibu, pekerjaan ayah, tingkat sosial ekonomi keluarga, morbiditas balita merupakan faktor risiko dominan terhadap pemanfaatan Posyandu. Subjek yang memiliki balita sakit dibandingkan yang tidak memiliki balita sakit 23% lebih banyak memanfaatkan Posyandu[risiko relatif suaian (RRa) = 1,23; P = 0,000]. Dari segi pendidikan ayah, mereka yang memiliki pendidikan ayah yang tinggi dibandingkan dengan pendidikan ayah yang rendah memiliki 18% lebih banyak yang memanfaatkan
Posyandu(RRa = 1,18; P = 0,000). Di samping itu, mereka yang mudah dibandingkan dengan yang sulit berakses terhadap fasilitas kesehatan memiliki 15% lebih banyak memanfaatkan Posyandu. Kesimpulan: Pendidikan orang tua, pekerjaan ayah, dan tingkat sosial ekonomi keluarga, morbiditas anak merupakan faktor risiko utama terhadap pemanfaatan Posyandu. (Health Science Indones 2013;1:27-31)
Kata kunci: pemanfaatan Posyandu, balita, pendidikan orang tua


Abstract
Background: Utilization of Integrated Health Post (Posyandu) by mothers with under-five has declined. This study examined several factors related to the utilization of Posyanduby mothers with under-five children.
Methods: This cross sectional study analyzed a part of data from the National Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2007. The population consisted of women aged 15-49 years who had under-five children in the
province of Jambi. Utilization of the Posyandu was the use of Posyanduby mothers in the last 3 months prior to the survey. Results: More subjects who utilized (62.9%) than did not utilized (37.1%) the Posyandu. Education of mother and father, occupation of father, and socioeconomic level of family child morbidity were dominant risk factors for to utilization Posyandu. Those who had compared with did not have child morbidity had
23% more chance to utilize Posyandu[adjusted relative risk (RRa) = 1.23; P = 0.000]. In term of education of father, those who had high than low education had 18% more chance to utilize Posyandu(RRa = 1.18; P
= 0.000). In addition, those who had easy than difficult health facilities accessibility had 15% more chance to utilize Posyandu.
Conclusions: Education of parents, father’s occupation, and family socioeconomic level, child morbidity were dominant risk factors for to Posyandu utilization. (Health Science Indones 2013;1:27-31)
Key words: posyanduutilization, under-five children, education of parents


Keywords


posyanduutilization, under-five children, education of parents

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

p-ISSN: 2087-7021
e-EISSN: 2338-3437

Published by : Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

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