Status Gizi Bayi Usia 6-12 Bulan di Kota Bogor Tahun 2015 ditinjau dari Pemberian Makan dan Sosiodemografi Ibu

Nining Tyas Triatmaja

Abstract


Abstract
Masalah gizi kurang (underweight, stunting, dan wasting) pada bayi masih dijumpai di Indonesia.
Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya masalah gizi kurang pada bayi, salah satunya
pemberian makan yang kurang sesuai. Faktor sosiodemografi ibu juga diduga berpengaruh terhadap
kejadian masalah gizi pada bayi. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan
dengan status gizi bayi usia 6-12 bulan ditinjau dari sosiodemografi ibu dan pola asuh makan di Kota
Bogor. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional study dengan jumlah sampel 92 orang ibu
bayi dan 92 bayi berusia 6-12 bulan. Data yang dikumpulkan berupa data karakteristik ibu (usia,
pendidikan, pekerjaan, status ekonomi keluarga), pemberian makan (pemberian ASI Eksklusif dan
susu formula sebelum bayi berusia 6 bulan), dan antropometri bayi (berat badan dan tinggi badan).
Data status gizi bayi diolah menggunakan software WHO Anthro. Analisis data menggunakan uji
Chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan prevalensi underweight sebesar 4.3%, stunting sebesar
13%, dan wasting sebesar 9.8%. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara pendidikan ibu dan status
ekonomi keluarga dengan status gizi bayi menurut indikator BB/U dan TB/U (p<0.05). Perlu adanya
peningkatan pengetahuan ibu terkait pola asuh makan yang sesuai untuk menurunkan masalah gizi
kurang pada bayi.
Kata kunci: status gizi, bayi 6-12 bulan, pemberian makan, karakteristik ibu

 

Abstrak
Malnutrition (underweight, stunting, and wasting) in infants is still common nutritional problems in
Indonesia. Many factors affect infant malnutrition, including inappropriate infant feeding. Maternal
sociodemographic factors are also thought to affect infant malnutrition. The objective of this study
was to analyze factors associated with the nutritional status of infants aged 6-12 months according
maternal sociodemoghraphic and infant feeding practice in Bogor. This study used cross-sectional
design with sample of 92 mothers of infants and 92 infants aged 6-12 months. Variables in this
study were maternal characteristics (age, education, occupation, and family economic status), infant
feeding practices (exclusive breastfeeding and formula feeding before 6 months old), and infant
anthropometric (weight and height). Nutritional status was analized using WHO Anthro software.
Data analysis using Chi-square test. Results showed the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and
wasting was 4.3%, 13%, 9.8%, respectively. There was a significant association between maternal
education and family economic status with infant nutritional status (HAZ and WAZ) (p <0.05). It
is necessary to improve maternal knowledge on appropriate infant feeding practice to reduce infant
malnutrition.
Keywords: nutritional status, infant aged 6-12 month, infant feeding, maternal characteristic


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