THE INCIDENCE OF PARASITIC DISEASES IN LIVESTOCK IN BALI

N. A. Suratma

THE INCIDENCE OF PARASITIC DISEASES IN LIVESTOCK IN BALI

Abstract


The population of livestock in Bali has continuously increased from year to year. However, some problems are encountered with parasitic infections in livestock. Parasitic infections may be caused by worms, protozoa or ectoparasites.

In cattle, the most common infections are those caused by Oesophagostomum sp, Ostertagia sp, Haemonchus sp, Mecistocirrus sp, and Cooperia sp which is the most dominant. Neoascaris vitulorum was reported to be as high as 29.1% in calves. Fascioliasis in cattle was found highly prevalent, between 34.9 to 56.7% and was caused by Fasciola gigantica. Also Paramphistomum infection was reported to be highly prevalent (50.1%). In addition, Boophilus microplus was recorded as high as 36.9%.

In goat and sheep, the incidence of Haemonchus contortus was 27.7% and 53.6% respectively. Infestation of Paramphistomum sp in goat was 9.27%. Concerning ectoparasites, Sarcoptes scabiei was reported to be the cause of death of 67% of young goats and up to 11% of older gats in Br. Penginuman, Gilimanuk Negara.

Parasitic infections in pigs were caused by Cysticercus tenuicollis (11%) and Ascaris suum (24.2%) and 21.1% showed Metastrongylus apri and also Sarcoptes scabiei was reported to be the cause of skin disease in pigs.

In poultry, parasitic infection were caused by Raillietina (96%), Heterakis gallinae (66.7%), Capillaria sp (6.6%), Ascardia galli (56.7%), Oxyspirura mansoni (50%), Acuaria spiralis (13.3%) and Syngamus trachea (3.3%). Multiple infections are common.


Keywords


Parasitic Diseases; Livestock

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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