KEMATIAN MATERNAL DAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN, SURVEI DEMOGRAFI DAN KESEHATAN INDONESIA, 1994

L. Ratna Budiarso, Titiek Setyowati, Agustina Lubis

Abstract


In the Demographic and Health Survey, the life and pregnancy histories of adult sisters were collected from respondents, and the sisterhood method was used to estimate the life time risks and maternal mortality ratios, refering to the time period of 12 years before the survey.

Maternal mortality level in Indonesia is found to be high as compared to other ASEAN countries. Although the family planning programme has managed to control population fertility, but the maternal mortality ratio as well as the life time risk of maternal deaths have not declined. Maternal mortality level in the Outer Java-Bali region is higher than in Java-Bali region.

Maternal health programmes have been improved and the provision of health care services are located closer to the community, so that emergency cases have better access for health care. Among eligable women, 85-95% have access to the nearest health center or village health post within less than 1 hour traveling time, and 65-55% have access to the nearest hospital or maternity hospital within less than 1 hour traveling time.

In 1993, 97% of hospitals and 56% of health centers reported that they have assisted deliveries in the last one year period, and 73% of hospitals have ever perfomed Cesarean section in 1993. In general every midwife has assisted 40 deliveries in the last 6 months period.

Complications were reported by 28% delivering mothers in the last five years period. The major cause of complication was prolonged labour.


Keywords


Health Services; Maternal Mortality

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, ISSN: 0125-9695. EISSN: 2338-3453) is published by National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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