HUBUNGAN ANTARA SINDROM MENOPAUSE DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PEREMPUAN MENOPAUSE DI PUSKESMAS SUKAHAJI KABUPATEN MAJALENGKA

Ruri Yuni Astari, Vita Murniati Tarawan, Nanan Sekarwana

HUBUNGAN ANTARA SINDROM MENOPAUSE DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PEREMPUAN MENOPAUSE DI PUSKESMAS SUKAHAJI KABUPATEN MAJALENGKA

Abstract


Abstract
Menopause is a natural phase experienced by every woman, a reproduction process characterized by the end of the fertile period of a woman because the ovaries are no longer produce estrogen and progesterone, and may cause menopausal complaints which are referred
to as menopausal syndrome. Problems or changes experienced by menopause women may lead to a crisis that will affect the quality of life. This study aims to analyze the correlation between menopausal syndrome and the quality of life. The study method was analytic observational
with cross sectional design. The population were women who had experienced menopause for 1-2 years in Sukahaji Majalengka Primary Health Center area and met the study criteria such as were still have a husband, had no menstruation experience for 1-2 years and were
able to read. Sampling technique was performed by total sampling, conducted in February until March 2013. Menopausal syndrome was measured by using MSQ (Menopause Symptom Questionnaire) and quality of life was measured by using The World Health Organization Quality Of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL - BREF). Data was analyzed with univariate,
bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis. The results presented strong negative correlation between physiological and psychological menopausal syndrome aspects in quality of life (r = -0.786, p = 0.000 and r = -0.706, p = 0.000), a negative correlation was simultaneouly strong in physiological and psychological aspects of menopausal syndrome and the quality of life of women (r = -0.772, p = 0.000), a significant correlation between income and education and quality of life (r = -0.313 p = 0.011 and r = -0.359 p = 0.003). Parity was not significantly associated with quality of life of menopause women. Conclusion: menopausal syndrome had impacts on the quality of life of menopause women. Social support, self-confidence and positive attitude towards the complaints of the menopause women to accept menopause as a gift because it is normal for a woman are especially needed.

Keywords : Menopausal Syndrome, Quality of Life, Majalengka

Abstrak
Menopause merupakan fase alamiah yang dialami oleh setiap perempuan, merupakan proses reproduksi yang ditandai berakhirnya masa subur seorang perempuan karena ovarium sudah tidak menghasilkan hormon estrogen dan progesteron, sehingga
menimbulkan berbagai keluhan menopause yang disebut sebagai sindrom menopause. Masalah atau perubahan yang dialami perempuan menopause akan menimbulkan suatu krisis yang akan mempengaruhi kualitas hidup. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan antara sindrom menopause dengan kualitas hidup. Metode penelitian dilakukan
secara observasional analitik dengan rancangan potong lintang. Populasi adalah perempuan yang telah menopause selama 1–2 tahun di wilayah Puskesmas Sukahaji Kabupaten Majalengka dan memenuhi kriteria penelitian, yaitu masih mempunyai suami, sudah tidak mengalami haid selama 1-2 tahun dan mampu membaca.Teknik pengambilan
sampel dilakukan secara total sampling, dilaksanakan bulan Februari sampai dengan Maret 2013. Sindrom menopause diukur menggunakan kuesioner MSQ (Menopause Symptom Questionaire) dan kualitas hidup diukur menggunakan kuesioner (WHOQOLBREF)The World Health Organization Quality Of Life. Data di analisis secara statistik univariat, bivariat dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan
negatif kuat antara sindrom menopause aspek fisiologis dan psikologis dengan kualitas hidup (r= -0,786 p=0,000 dan r= -0,706 p=0,000), hubungan negatif kuat secara simultan sindrom menopause  aspek  fisiologis  dan  psikologis  dengan  kualitas  hidup  perempuan  (r=  -0,772,  p =0,000), hubungan bermakna antara penghasilan dan pendidikan dengan kualitas hidup (r= -0,313 p=0,011 dan r= -0,359 p=0,003). Paritas tidak berhubungan bermakna dengan kualitas
hidup perempuan menopause. Simpulan: sindrom menopause berdampak pada penurunan kualitas hidup perempuan menopause. Perlunya memberikan dukungan sosial, kepercayaan diri dan sikap positif terhadap keluhan yang dialami perempuan menopause sehingga dapat
menerima menopause sebagai karunia karena bersifat normal bagi seorang perempuan.

Kata Kunci : Sindrom Menopause, Kualitas Hidup, Kabupaten Majalengka


Keywords


Sindrom Menopause, Kualitas Hidup, Kabupaten Majalengka

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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