KARAKTERISASI EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI KLABET (Trigonella foenum-graecum L) SEBAGAI TANAMAN OBAT PELANCAR ASI

Ani Isnawati, Sukmayati Alegantina, Lucie Widowati

KARAKTERISASI EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI KLABET (Trigonella foenum-graecum L) SEBAGAI TANAMAN OBAT PELANCAR ASI

Abstract


Abstract.

Background. From the collection of data (SDKI) in 2002-2003, it was found that the number of exclusive breastfeeding in infants below the age of two months covers only 64% of total infants. The most alarming facts was that 13% of infants under two months have been fed infant milk formula and one of three infants aged 2-3 months has been given additional food. A survey reveals that 38% of mothers stop giving breastfeeding because they cannot provide enough breast milk. Klabet (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is a herbal  that is used in Europe as facilitating breast milk. Therefore, using Klabet as herba to facilitating breast milk is needed as extract requirement. In addition, this research considers characterization of Klabet extract as a first step to standardize Klabet extract.

Method. Sample was extract of Klabet seed from East Java. To ensure the quality requirements of 50% ethanol extract from Klabet seed for herbal medicine, it had to meet the quality requirement guidelines established by BPOM. Examination includes non-specific parameter such as water content, total ash, total acid insoluble ash, and extract microscopic examination. In the other side, specific parameter includes content of dilute alkohol, content of dilute water, assay of Trigonelline and chemistry compound test.

Result.Characteristic of 50 % ethanol extract from Klabet seed semen for non-specific parameter were water content 13,70%, total ash 1,16%, total acid insoluble ash 0,06% and loss on drying 20,59% , whereas characteristic of spesific parameter for content of dilute etanol 59,58%, content of dilute water 47,78%, and assay of total alkaloid with Trigonellin standard 9,72 %. Content of Chemistry coumpound are tannin, saponin, steroid,  sterol-triterpenoid, flavanoid, and  alkaloid

Keywords: ethanol extract from Klabet seed, breast milk , trigonelline

 

Abstrak.

 

Submit : 05-04-2012  Review : 23-04-2012 Review : 23-04-2012 revisi : 04–09-2012

Latar belakang. Data (SDKI) tahun 2002-2003, ditemukan  jumlah pemberian ASI eksklusif pada bayi di bawah usia dua bulan hanya mencakup 64% dari total bayi yang ada dan lebih memprihatinkan, 13% bayi di bawah dua bulan telah diberi susu formula. Selain itu satu dari tiga bayi usia 2-3 bulan telah diberi makanan tambahan. Hasil suatu survei melaporkan bahwa 38% ibu menghentikan pemberian ASI bagi bayi dengan alasan produksi ASI tidak mencukupi. Klabet sebagai herbal penambah ASI perlu dilakukan karakterisasi ekstrak biji Klabet sebagai langkah awal standarisasi ekstrak biji Klabet.

Metode. Sampel adalah ekstrak biji Klabet. Tanaman Klabet diperoleh dari Jawa Timur.Untuk menjamin persyaratan mutu ekstrak etanol 50 % biji Klabet yang digunakan sebagai herbal untuk pelancar ASI pertama –tama harus memenuhi karakteristik mutu berdasarkan Pedoman persyaratan ekstrak yang dikeluarkan BPOM.Pemeriksaan men-cakup parameter non spesifik antara lain: kadar air, kadar abu total, kadar abu tidak larut asam, dan susut. Sedangkan parameter spesifik mencakup penetapan kadar sari larut alka-loid, penetapan kadar sari larut air, penetapan kadar Trigonellin dan uji golongan senyawa kimia

Hasil. Karakterisasi ekstrak etanol 50 % biji klabet non spesifik : kadar air 13,70 %, kadar abu total 1,16 %, kadar abu tidak larut asam 0,06 % dan susut pengeringan 20,59  %, sedangkan karakteristik  spesifik : kadar sari larut etanol 59,58 %, kadar sari larut air 47,78 %, dan   kadar Trigonellin 9,72 %.

 

Kata kunci : Ekstrak etanol Biji Klabet,Trigonellin, Trigonella foenum-graecum L ,ASI

Keywords


Ekstrak etanol Biji Klabet,Trigonellin, Trigonella foenum-graecum L ,ASI

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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